ESF 10 provides support in response to an actual or potential discharge and/or uncontrolled release of oil or hazardous materials when activated.

Response to oil and hazardous materials incidents is generally carried out in accordance with the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP), 40 CFR Part 300. As defined in the NCP “hazardous materials” is a general term intended to mean hazardous substances, pollutants, and contaminants. Hazardous materials include chemical, biological, and nuclear/radiological substances, whether accidentally or intentionally released.

The scope of ESF 10 includes the appropriate actions to prepare for, respond to, and recover from a threat to public health, welfare, or the environment caused by actual or potential oil and hazardous materials incidents. Appropriate general actions can include, but are not limited to:

  • Actions to prevent, minimize, or mitigate a release,
  • Efforts to detect and assess the extent of contamination (including sampling and analysis and environmental monitoring),
  • Actions to stabilize the release and prevent the spread of contamination,
  • Analysis of options for environmental cleanup and waste disposition,
  • Implementation of environmental cleanup,
  • Storage, treatment, and disposal of oil and hazardous materials.

Examples of specific actions may include:

  • Sampling a drinking water supply to determine if there has been intentional contamination,
  • Stabilizing the release through the use of berms, dikes, or impoundments,
  • Capping of contaminated soils or sludge,
  • Use of chemicals and other materials to contain or retard the spread of the release or mitigate its effects,
  • Decontaminating buildings and structures,
  • Using drainage controls, fences, warning signs, or other security or site-control precautions,
  • Removing highly contaminated soils from drainage areas,
  • Removing drums, barrels, tanks, or other bulk containers that contain oil or hazardous materials,
  • Other measures as deemed necessary.

In addition, ESF 10 may be used under appropriate authorities to respond to actual or threatened releases of materials not typically responded to under the NCP but that pose a threat to public health or welfare or to the environment. Appropriate ESF 10 response activities to such incidents include, but are not limited to:

  • Household hazardous waste collection,
  • Monitoring of debris disposal,
  • Water quality monitoring and protection,
  • Air quality sampling and monitoring,
  • Protection of natural resources.